|Improved road centerlines extraction in high-resolution remote sensing images using shear transform, directional morphological filtering and enhanced broken lines connection Original Research Article
Road information plays an important role in many civilian and military applications. This paper proposes an improved method for road centerlines extraction, which is based on shear transform, directional segmentation, shape features filtering, directional morphological filtering, tensor voting, multivariate adaptive regression splines (MARS) and enhanced broken lines connection. The proposed method consists of five steps. Firstly, directional segmentation based on spectral information and shear transform is used to segment the images for obtaining the initial road map. Shear transform is introduced to overcome the disadvantage of the loss of the road segment information. Secondly, we perform hole filling to remove the holes due to noise in some road regions. Thirdly, reliable road segments are extracted by road shape features and directional morphological filtering. Directional morphological filtering can separate road from the neighboring non-road objects to ensure the independence of each road target candidate. Fourthly, tensor voting and MARS are exploited to extract smooth road centerlines, which overcome the shortcoming that the road centerlines extracted by the thinning algorithm have many spurs. Finally, we propose an enhanced broken lines connection algorithm to generate a complete road network, in which a new measure function is constructed and spectral similarity is introduced.